Level 5 CMMC - CMMC Practices

AT.3.058  

Reference: CMMC 1.02

Family: AT

Level Introduced: 3

Practice:
Provide security awareness training on recognizing and reporting potential indicators of insider threat.

CMMC Clarification:
An insider threat is an employee or contractor that is authorized for computing or network activities, but conducts malicious activity with that access. The insider threat security awareness training focuses on recognizing employee behaviors and characteristics that might be indicators of an insider threat and knowing the guidelines and procedures on how to handle and report it. Training for managers will provide guidance on observing team members to identify all potential threat indicators, while training for general employees will be slightly different and provide guidance for focusing on a smaller number of indicators. While all the indicators are important, general employees may be on different teams and knowledge of their job dissatisfaction or requests for information not required for adequate job performance is unknown. In other words, it is important to tailor the training for specific roles rather than having the same training program for everyone.

Example
You are responsible for training all employees on the awareness of high risk behaviors that can indicate a potential insider threat, so you add the following example to the training package: The organization has created a baseline of normal behavior for work schedules. One employee’s normal work schedule is 8:00 AM-5:00 PM, but another employee noticed that the employee has been working until 9:00 PM every day even though no special projects have been assigned and no short time frame deliverables have been identified. The observing employee reports the unjustified abnormal work schedule using the established guidelines of the organization.

3.2.3

Provide security awareness training on recognizing and reporting potential indicators of insider threat.

Discussion:
Potential indicators and possible precursors of insider threat include behaviors such as: inordinate, long-term job dissatisfaction; attempts to gain access to information that is not required for job performance; unexplained access to financial resources; bullying or sexual harassment of fellow employees; workplace violence; and other serious violations of the policies, procedures, directives, rules, or practices of organizations. Security awareness training includes how to communicate employee and management concerns regarding potential indicators of insider threat through appropriate organizational channels in accordance with established organizational policies and procedures. Organizations may consider tailoring insider threat awareness topics to the role (e.g., training for managers may be focused on specific changes in behavior of team members, while training for employees may be focused on more general observations).

Source: NIST Special Publication 800-171 Rev. 2

AT-2 (2)

SECURITY AWARENESS | INSIDER THREAT

Description:
The organization includes security awareness training on recognizing and reporting potential indicators of insider threat.

Supplemental Guidance:
Potential indicators and possible precursors of insider threat can include behaviors such as inordinate, long-term job dissatisfaction, attempts to gain access to information not required for job performance, unexplained access to financial resources, bullying or sexual harassment of fellow employees, workplace violence, and other serious violations of organizational policies, procedures, directives, rules, or practices. Security awareness training includes how to communicate employee and management concerns regarding potential indicators of insider threat through appropriate organizational channels in accordance with established organizational policies and procedures. Related controls: PL-4, PM-12, PS-3, PS-6.

Source: NIST Special Publication 800-53 Rev. 4

Source: CMMC v1.02