Level 5 CMMC - CMMC Practices

IA.2.080  

Reference: CMMC 1.02

Family: IA

Level Introduced: 2

Practice:
Allow temporary password use for system logons with an immediate change to a permanent password.

CMMC Clarification:
Users must change their temporary passwords the first time they log in. Temporary passwords usually follow a consistent style within an organization and can be more easily guessed than passwords created by the unique user.

Example
You are in charge of setting temporary passwords for your users. Users must change their temporary passwords to a permanent password the first time they log in.

3.5.9

Allow temporary password use for system logons with an immediate change to a permanent password.

Discussion:
Changing temporary passwords to permanent passwords immediately after system logon ensures that the necessary strength of the authentication mechanism is implemented at the earliest opportunity, reducing the susceptibility to authenticator compromises.

Source: NIST Special Publication 800-171 Rev. 2

IA-5 (1)

AUTHENTICATOR MANAGEMENT | PASSWORD-BASED AUTHENTICATION

Description:
The information system, for password-based authentication:
    (a) Enforces minimum password complexity of [Assignment: organization-defined requirements for case sensitivity, number of characters, mix of upper-case letters, lower-case letters, numbers, and special characters, including minimum requirements for each type];
    (b) Enforces at least the following number of changed characters when new passwords are created: [Assignment: organization-defined number];
    (c) Stores and transmits only cryptographically-protected passwords;
    (d) Enforces password minimum and maximum lifetime restrictions of [Assignment: organization-defined numbers for lifetime minimum, lifetime maximum];
    (e) Prohibits password reuse for [Assignment: organization-defined number] generations; and
    (f) Allows the use of a temporary password for system logons with an immediate change to a permanent password.

Supplemental Guidance:
This control enhancement applies to single-factor authentication of individuals using passwords as individual or group authenticators, and in a similar manner, when passwords are part of multifactor authenticators. This control enhancement does not apply when passwords are used to unlock hardware authenticators (e.g., Personal Identity Verification cards). The implementation of such password mechanisms may not meet all of the requirements in the enhancement. Cryptographically-protected passwords include, for example, encrypted versions of passwords and one-way cryptographic hashes of passwords. The number of changed characters refers to the number of changes required with respect to the total number of positions in the current password. Password lifetime restrictions do not apply to temporary passwords. To mitigate certain brute force attacks against passwords, organizations may also consider salting passwords. Related control: IA-6.

Source: NIST Special Publication 800-53 Rev. 4

Source: CMMC v1.02